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   2016| January-March  | Volume 5 | Issue 1  
    Online since June 14, 2016

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLES
Oats: A multi-functional grain
Purvi Varma, Hitha Bhankharia, Shikha Bhatia
January-March 2016, 5(1):9-17
DOI:10.4103/2250-3528.183984  
Oats are predominantly a European and North American crop, as they have cool moist climate; Russia, Canada, the United States, Finland, and Poland are leading oat producing countries. Oats have been used as livestock and human foods since ancient times. Oats (Avena sativa) is a class of cereal grain essentially grown for human consumption as well as for livestock fodder. Food industry fundamentally alter agricultural commodities into foods making it edible, palatable as well as appealing; by innumerable physical and chemical operations increasing shelf-life, bioavailability of the nutrients, stabilizing colour, flavour along with increase in the economic value of the grain. Recent observational and human interventional studies indicate that oats can have an impact on various non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes; obesity and hypertension etc. Therefore it is important to increase awareness of oats and its health benefits among individuals thereby encouraging them to increase the frequency of oats in the diet. In the year 1997, USFDA approved the use of a health claim "3g/day of oat Beta- glucan may help lower blood total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) cholesterol". Over all consumption of oats has increased in the recent years due to its nutritional benefits; presence of Beta-glucan, antioxidants like Avenanthramides, vitamin E (tocotrienols and tocopherols).
  7,863 834 7
Management options for coronary microvascular dysfunction: Present status and future perspectives
Sita Ram Mittal
January-March 2016, 5(1):18-24
DOI:10.4103/2250-3528.184011  
Coronary micro vessels are not visible on coronary angiography. These include prearterioles, arterioles, and capillaries. Significant number of patients of angina have coronary microvascular dysfunction alone or in combination with stenosis and/or spasm of epicardial coronary arteries. Its management is challenging. Several different therapeutic options have been tried with variable success. The present review provides overview of the available evidence with various therapeutic modalities for the treatment of microvascular angina.
  4,281 463 1
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Medication adherence and its determinants in myocardial infarction patients: An Indian scenario
Satish Balaji Gonarkar, Priti Pravin Dhande
January-March 2016, 5(1):2-8
DOI:10.4103/2250-3528.183983  
Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of death. Along with lifestyle factors, poor medication adherence is one of the causes. This study was planned to find out the level of adherence in post-MI patients and its related factors. Objectives: Monitoring medication adherence in patients of MI attending cardiac outpatient department and to reveal causes of nonadherence to drug therapy in them. Methods: One hundred and one newly diagnosed MI patients were included in the study. Data collected were patient characteristics, habits, comorbidities, and drugs prescribed. Morisky 8 item scale was used to find out the medication adherence at the end of 1 st and 6 th month of cardiac event. Data were analyzed using McNemar test, Chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis. Results: Most common preventive cardiovascular drugs given were aspirin, clopidogrel, and statins, 98%, 88.1%, and 90%, respectively. Medication adherence at 6 th month post-MI was significantly decreased compared to 1 st month (P < 0.0001). Factors which were related to good adherence were associated comorbidities such as hypertension (P = 0.017), age group of 56-65 years (P = 0.049), higher education (P = 0.045), employees (P = 0.008), and nonsmoker (P = 0.023). Determinants associated with poor adherence were affordability (P = 0.02) and medication complexity (P = 0.03). Conclusion: Medication adherence in post-MI subjects of our study was seen to be reducing over 6 months due to factors such as low monthly income and low educational status of the subjects. Employed, higher educated, and those with comorbidities showed good adherence.
  3,339 487 1
BRIEF REVIEW
Hypertension and sleep apnea: The Deadly Duo
Navneet Wadhwa, Neeraj Tewari
January-March 2016, 5(1):25-28
DOI:10.4103/2250-3528.184012  
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is one of the most common cause of the secondary cause of consistent raised blood pressure. Evidence, consistently demonstrates that sleep apnea is a major modifiable risk factor of hypertension. Resistant hypertension has a strong correlation with OSA. There needs to be a strong emphasis for the effective therapeutic strategies to simultaneously improve the management of OSA and hypertension.
  1,750 183 -
BOOKS AND TRIALS
Recent trials in cardiology: Newer evidence in management of coronary artery disease
Gagandeep Singh Wander
January-March 2016, 5(1):31-33
DOI:10.4103/2250-3528.184014  
  1,569 207 -
EDITORIAL
Hypertension with obstructive sleep apnea
Bornali Datta, Ashish Kumar Prakash
January-March 2016, 5(1):29-30
DOI:10.4103/2250-3528.184013  
  1,369 226 1
EDITORS PAGE
Heralding a new era!
Ravi R Kasliwal
January-March 2016, 5(1):1-1
  1,374 170 -