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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-17

Oats: A multi-functional grain


1 Principal Nutrition Manager, Marico Ltd, Mumbai, India
2 Senior Nutrition Officer, Marico Ltd, Mumbai, India
3 Research Officer, Marico Ltd, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Purvi Varma
Marico Limited, Marks Office, Plot No. 23/C, Mahal Industrial Estate. Mahakali Caves Road. Landmark: Before Paper Box Factory, Opp Andhra Bank and Travellers Inn Hotel. Andheri (E), Mumbai - 400093, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2250-3528.183984

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Oats are predominantly a European and North American crop, as they have cool moist climate; Russia, Canada, the United States, Finland, and Poland are leading oat producing countries. Oats have been used as livestock and human foods since ancient times. Oats (Avena sativa) is a class of cereal grain essentially grown for human consumption as well as for livestock fodder. Food industry fundamentally alter agricultural commodities into foods making it edible, palatable as well as appealing; by innumerable physical and chemical operations increasing shelf-life, bioavailability of the nutrients, stabilizing colour, flavour along with increase in the economic value of the grain. Recent observational and human interventional studies indicate that oats can have an impact on various non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular disease, diabetes; obesity and hypertension etc. Therefore it is important to increase awareness of oats and its health benefits among individuals thereby encouraging them to increase the frequency of oats in the diet. In the year 1997, USFDA approved the use of a health claim "3g/day of oat Beta- glucan may help lower blood total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) cholesterol". Over all consumption of oats has increased in the recent years due to its nutritional benefits; presence of Beta-glucan, antioxidants like Avenanthramides, vitamin E (tocotrienols and tocopherols).


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